When he and fellow Black Panthers later followed police in his community supervision program, watching out for police brutality, they used his knowledge of law as a defense. He was noticeably gifted in academics and athletics. He committed suicide on January 25, 1990. It tapped Hampton's mother's phone in February 1968 and by May placed Hampton on the Bureau's "Agitator Index" as a "key militant leader". Fred Hampton Shot. [citation needed], Hampton became active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and assumed leadership of its West Suburban Branch's Youth Council. In an unsigned editorial headlined "No Quarter for Wild Beasts", the Chicago Tribune urged that Chicago police officers approaching suspected Panthers "should be ordered to be ready to shoot. Its tactics included psychological warfare, forging documents, perjury, withholding evidence, and phone tapping to name a few. Challem's photographs did not show the bullet holes as reported by the Chicago Tribune. Fred Hampton Death. FLINT TAYLOR—Fifty-one years ago this past week, Illinois Black Panther leaders Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were slain by the Chicago police in a murderous pre-dawn raid. The life and murder of Fred Hampton as told by Jeffrey Haas, co-founder of the People’s Law Office and attorney for the plaintiffs in the federal suit Hampton v. Hanrahan. Fred Hampton, one of the major figures in the original Black Panther Party that rose to prominence during the civil rights era in the 1960s, was assassinated on Dec. 4, 1969. Vault Home. U PDATED 7:15 a.m. EDT, Dec. 2, 2020 —. and Hanrahan's men to murder Fred Hampton. [89], This article is about the 1960s activist. In this capacity, he founded the Rainbow Coalition, a prominent multicultural political organization that initially included the Black Panthers, Young Patriots, and the Young Lords, and an alliance among major Chicago street gangs to help them end infighting and work for social change. Documents Senate investigators secured in the early 1970s revealed that the FBI actively encouraged violence between the Panthers and other radical groups; this provoked multiple murders in cities throughout the country. [34], At 4:00 a.m., the heavily armed police team arrived at the site, divided into two teams, eight for the front of the building and six for the rear. Obviously there were no smart phones in 1969, and police brutality went unchecked virtually without exception. Seven color photos, 5" x 7" Chicago; circa December 4, 1969 The photos include five shots from inside Hampton's apartment, with images of the bed where Hampton was initially shot and of the bullet holes in the wall. "[70] This view is also presented in Jakobi Williams's book From the Bullet to the Ballot: The Illinois Chapter of the Black Panther Party and Racial Coalition Politics in Chicago. In fact, Fred Hampton Jr. now leads the Black Panther Party Cubs. Some of these included poverty, corruption, police brutality, and substandard housing. [68] As is typical in settlements, the three government defendants did not acknowledge claims of responsibility for plaintiffs' allegations. [35] An alternative account said that Clark answered the door and police immediately shot him. Another document outlined a deal that the FBI brokered with US deputy attorney general Richard Kleindienst to conceal the FBI's role in the killing of Hampton and the existence of COINTELPRO. [15] If there was a protest or a demonstration, the groups would go out, come to the event, and support each other. It’s a real movie, for one thing — brash, narratively risky, full of life … Ten days afterward, Bobby Rush, then the deputy minister of defense for the Illinois Black Panther party, called the raiding party an "execution squad". The film started out as a simple portrait of Hampton and features lots of footage of his powerful speeches. [48][49], On December 11 and 12, the two competing daily newspapers, the Chicago Tribune and the Chicago Sun-Times, published vivid accounts of the events, but drew different conclusions. The documentary is split into two parts: a portrait of Fred Hampton and an investigative report into his death in the police raid. Shaka King’s film, which has Oscars in its sights, … He talked about serving the community, talked about breakfast programs, educating the people, community control of police. FRED HAMPTON: [played by Daniel ... who played Chairman Fred Hampton, talking about the scene in which he delivers the speech to one of his largest, ... ICE Reports 2nd COVID Prisoner Death … 9:15 AM PST 1/22/2021 by Maya Tribbitt FACEBOOK TWITTER EMAIL ME The actor reveals the process of embodying Fred Hampton, a revolutionary and civil rights leader ahead of his time. Hoover believed the Panthers, Young Patriots, Young Lords, and similar radical coalitions Hampton forged in Chicago were a stepping stone to the rise of a revolution that could threaten the U.S. government and society. “Judas and the Black Messiah” is my kind of dramatized Chicago history. [36][44], After the raid, the apartment was left unguarded. Later, the Rainbow Coalition was joined nationwide by Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), the Brown Berets, A.I.M., and the Red Guard Party. The Murder of Fred Hampton is a 1971 documentary film about the short life and death of Fred Hampton, a young African-American civil rights activist in Chicago and leader of the Illinois Black Panther Party.During the film's production, Hampton was fatally shot on December 4, 1969 in a pre-dawn raid at his apartment by the Chicago Police Department. 2019. We’ve got to face the fact that some people say you fight fire best with fire, but we say you put fire out best with water. Inside, nine people slept in the first-floor apartment, where 19 guns and more than 1,000 rounds of ammunition were stored. [66] The Supreme Court of the United States heard an appeal by defendants, but voted 5–3 in 1980 to return the case to the District Court for a new trial. His parents had moved north from Louisiana, as part of the Great Migration of African Americans in the early 20th century out of the South. Fred Hampton Assassination Crime Scene Photographs. Fred Hampton Fred Hampton Part 1 of 2 View. Judas and the Black Messiah, review: was the death of Fred Hampton an FBI assassination ... Shaka King’s film, which has Oscars in its sights, unsnarls the FBI plot to kill Fred Hampton, the deputy ... while showing that the opposite profile is what made Hampton such a threat. Chicago Tribune file photo/TNS via Getty Images Fred Hampton testifies at a meeting on the death of West Side men in 1969. [6], The blue-ribbon panel convened for the inquest on January 6, 1970. Fred Hampton is one of 28 Panthers who have died across the country, killed by police. Eventually he was in line to be appointed to the Party's Central Committee's Chief of Staff. Two other men, a woman, a 17-year-old girl and one police officer were injured. [81][82] The 2002 documentary The Weather Underground shows in detail the way that group was deeply influenced by Hampton and his death—as well as showing that Hampton had kept his distance from them for being what he called "adventuristic, masochistic and Custeristic".[83]. Dir: Shaka King. : The Death of the Revolutionary Fred Hampton", "50 Years After His Death, Fred Hampton's Legacy Looms Large In Chicago", "Fifty Years of Fred Hampton's Rainbow Coalition", Famous Assassinations in World History: An Encyclopedia, "The Assassination of Fred Hampton: New Documents Reveal Involvement of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover", "Edward Hanrahan, Prosecutor Tied to '69 Panthers Raid, Dies at 88", "Towards the De-Miseducation of the African-American", https://libguides.depaul.edu/ld.php?content_id=10135864, "The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther", "“Exclusive – Hanrahan, Police Tell Panther Story", "The Black Panthers and the Assassination of Fred Hampton", "The Last Hours of William O'Neal (He was the informant who gave the FBI the floor plan of Fred Hampton's apartment. And without leaders like Fred Hampton, I think the gangs and the drugs became much more prevalent on the West Side. They were arrested on charges of aggravated assault and the attempted murder of the officers. [74] In March 2006, supporters of Hampton's charity work proposed the naming of a Chicago street in honor of the former Black Panther leader. The survivors were reported to have refused to testify during the inquest because they faced criminal charges of attempted murder and aggravated assault during the raid. The Bureau released a batch of racist cartoons in the Panthers' name,[21] aimed at alienating white activists. Photographic evidence was presented of "bullet holes" allegedly made by shots fired by the Panthers, but this was soon challenged by reporters. ... Fred Hampton Funeral. In December 1969, Hampton was shot and killed in his bed during a predawn raid at his Chicago apartment by a tactical unit of the Cook County State's Attorney's Office in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation; during the raid, Panther Mark Clark was also killed and several others were seriously wounded. When the smoke cleared, Chairman Fred Hampton and party member Mark Clark were dead; four others lay seriously wounded. The footage was later released as part of the 1971 documentary The Murder of Fred Hampton. Hampton was also instrumental in the BPP's Free Breakfast Program. Michael Newton is among those writers who have concluded that Hampton was assassinated. [56] The two families each shared in the settlement. About the same time that Hampton was successfully organizing young African Americans for the NAACP, the Black Panther Party (BPP) was rising to national prominence. Monique Judge. [35] Verlina Brewer, Ronald "Doc" Satchel, Blair Anderson, and Brenda Harris were seriously wounded,[35] then beaten and dragged into the street. But the known facts are these: On Dec 4, 1969, police raided this home at around 5 a.m. Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, members of the Black Panther Party, were killed. Fred Hampton Autopsy. She said: The seven Panthers who survived the raid were indicted by a grand jury on charges of attempted murder, armed violence, and various other weapons charges. 400 pages. Visually enhanced, image enriched topic search for Fred Hampton Dead In Casket. A-Z Index. 50 Years After His Death, Fred Hampton's Legacy Looms Large In Chicago Chicago police officers shot and killed the Illinois Black Panther leader 50 years ago this month. Judas and the Black Messiah, review: was the death of Fred Hampton an FBI assassination? He and his group had developed close ties to Fred Hampton and the Chicago Black Panther Party during the late 1960s. Black Panther Fred Hampton. [32] Stephen King refers to Hampton in the novel 11/22/63 (2012), where a character discusses the ripple effect of traveling back in time to prevent President John F. Kennedy's assassination, which the character postulates would give rise to a series of events that could prevent Fred Hampton's assassination as well. Exactly 48 years ago, Black Panthers Fred Hampton, 21, and Mark Clark, 22, were shot to death by Chicago police. A federal grand jury in 1970 found evidence of 76 shells. It is due to be released in 2021. An augmented, 14-man team of the SAO (Special Prosecutions Unit) was organized for a pre-dawn raid; they were armed with a search warrant for illegal weapons. Judas and the Black Messiah, review: was the death of Fred Hampton an FBI assassination? Description Fred Hampton Assassination Crime Scene Photographs. Assassination of Fred Hampton. What the coalition groups would do was based on common action. Fred Hampton Death. Exactly 48 years ago, Black Panthers Fred Hampton, 21, and Mark Clark, 22, were shot to death by Chicago police. [66] The $1.85 million settlement was believed to be the largest ever in a civil rights case. In January 1970, a coroner's jury held an inquest and ruled the deaths of Hampton and Clark to be justifiable homicide. Fred Hampton and Mark Clark. They offered him a position on the Central Committee as the chief of staff and asked him to serve as the national spokesman for the BPP. [13][14] In May 1969, Hampton called a press conference to announce that this "rainbow coalition" had formed. "[46] On December 6, members of the Weather Underground destroyed numerous police vehicles in a retaliatory bombing spree at 3600 N. Halsted Street, Chicago. In November 1968 he joined the Party's nascent Illinois chapter, founded in late 1967 by Bob Brown, a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organizer. However, G. Flint Taylor, an attorney for the plaintiffs, told reporters, ''The settlement is an admission of the conspiracy that existed between the F.B.I. The film stars Daniel Kaluuya as Hampton. O'Neal reported to his superiors that much of the Panthers' "provocative" stockpile of arms was stored there and drew them a map of the apartment. [85][86][87], Judas and the Black Messiah is an upcoming film about Hampton. 4/5 Shaka King’s Sixties-set conspiracy thriller, led sensationally by Daniel Kaluuya and Lakeith Stanfield, has Oscars in its sights ... while showing that the opposite profile is what made Hampton such a threat. The headstone of slain Black Panther leader Fred Hampton in Haynesville, Louisiana, has been riddled by a barrage of bullets from unidentified night riders. Filed under: Civil Rights. Later evidence showed that the killing of Fred Hampton was one of many illegal operations conducted by the FBI’s Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO), which had existed since 1956. David Alan Grier plays Hampton. An FBI chemist would later fail to find similar traces, but Berman stood by her findings. O'Neal personally instigated an armed clash between them on April 2, 1969. [27] The FBI orchestrated an armed raid on Hampton's Chicago apartment, first obtaining detailed information about Hampton's apartment, including the layout of furniture and the bed in which Hampton and his girlfriend slept, provided by FBI informant William O'Neal. Hampton joined the Party and relocated to downtown Chicago. Fred Hampton Grave. Fifty years ago this week, a squad of Chicago police officers killed Black Panther leaders Fred Hampton and Mark Clark in a pre-dawn raid on the apartment where they were sleeping. [75] On Saturday September 7, 2007, a bust of Hampton was erected outside the Fred Hampton Family Aquatic Center. The controversy over the 4 December 1969 raid that killed 21-year-old Black Panther leading figure, Fred Hampton, reverberated for years to come. [66], In 1982, the City of Chicago, Cook County, and the federal government agreed to a settlement in which each would pay $616,333 to a group of nine plaintiffs, including the mothers of Hampton and Clark. At just sixteen, Fred took over his local youth chapter of the NAACP and grew numbers from roughly 100 to close to 700. Fifty years ago this week, a squad of Chicago police officers killed Black Panther leaders Fred Hampton and Mark Clark in a pre-dawn raid on the apartment where they were sleeping. Fred Hampton was a leader in the Black Panther Party who was harassed and targeted by local law enforcement and the FBI, resulting in his murder during a … [36] This single round was fired when he suffered a reflexive death-convulsion after being shot. The program was promptly shuttered a few years after this incident, though its methods continue today within the organization. One of the documents released after the break-in was a floor plan of Hampton's apartment. [citation needed]. Afterward, as was typical, several Panthers went to his Monroe Street apartment to spend the night, including Hampton and Deborah Johnson, Blair Anderson, James Grady, Ronald "Doc" Satchell, Harold Bell, Verlina Brewer, Louis Truelock, Brenda Harris, and Mark Clark. "[59] Gus Savage said that such a man to whom the community could relate need not be black. The story matters … See more ideas about fred hampton, black panther party, fred. "[72] The families of Hampton and Clark filed a US$47.7 million civil suit against the city, state, and federal governments. Over the next year, Hampton and his friends and associates made a number of significant achievements in Chicago. At 4:45 a.m., they stormed into the apartment. At around 5 a.m. on December 4, 1969, 14 … Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in Summit, Illinois. He wanted to play for the New York Yankees when he was done with school but ended up studying pre-law at Triton Junior College. The officers directed their gunfire at the remaining Panthers who had been sleeping in the north bedroom (Satchel, Anderson, Brewer and Harris). Hampton was an African American activist and revolutionary socialist. [42] According to Deborah Johnson, an officer then said: Hampton's body was dragged into the doorway of the bedroom and left in a pool of blood. They were each held on US$100,000 bail.[36]. In the decades since, a revealing body of evidence has emerged showing that Hampton was the victim of a political assassination, sanctioned at the highest levels of the U.S. government. There they were met by O'Neal, who had prepared a late dinner, which the group ate around midnight. [44], At a press conference the next day, the police announced the arrest team had been attacked by the "violent" and "extremely vicious" Panthers and had defended themselves accordingly. Seven color photos, 5" x 7" Chicago; circa December 4, 1969 The photos include five shots from inside Hampton's apartment, with images of the bed where Hampton was initially shot and of the bullet holes in the wall. These initially included preparations for a bombing of a U.S. military non-commissioned officers' dance at Fort Dix, New Jersey, in what Brian Flanagan said had been intended to be "the most horrific hit the United States government had ever suffered on its territory".[78]. All of this work has led Hollywood to depict Fred Hampton in at ... there was a grand jury in the wake of Fred’s death. That evening, the Chicago Sun-Times published a page 1 article with the headline: "Those 'bullet holes' aren't." Fellow Black Panther Harold Bell said that he heard the following exchange: The injured Panthers said they heard two shots. Some of its most f… [66] Twenty-eight defendants were named, including Assistant DA Hanrahan as well as the City of Chicago, Cook County, and federal governments. Book - Non-fiction. and Hanrahan's men to murder Fred Hampton." [13][14], Hampton's effective leadership and talent for communication marked him as a major threat to the FBI. "What Fred use to say is, 'The beat goes on,' and it goes on," he said. 12. Last week he ran onto the Eisenhower Expressway and killed himself)", "For More Selected for Jury to Probe Panther Raid Deaths", "Panther Inquest Jury Selections Questioned", "Illinois jury rules Black Panther deaths 'justifiable homicide, "Fatal Black Panther raid in Chicago set off sizable aftershocks", "US Jury Assails Police in Chicago on Pather Raid", "Plaintiffs in Panther Suite 'Knew We Were Right, "Panther Slayings Split the City Into 'Name Calling' Factions", "The Black Panther Raid and the death of Fred Hampton", "Village of Maywood Parks and Recreation", "Group Wants Street Named After Black Panther Fred Hampton-Protesters filled City Hall Today – Susan Murphy-Milano", "Maywood street statue honor slain Panther leader Hampton", "Ex-Weather Underground Member Kathy Boudin Granted Parole", Weather Underground Declaration of a State of War, "The Death of a Black Panther – The Fred Hampton Story, 1969–70", "Author Says The Chicago 7 Trial Reflected 'All The Conflicts In America, "Who's Who in The Trial of the Chicago 7: A Character Guide", The Marxists Internet Archive: Fred Hampton Archive, "Power Anywhere Where There's People" A Speech By Fred Hampton, Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story, Grand Valley State University Oral History Collection, Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fred_Hampton&oldid=1004853977, Assassinated American civil rights activists, Black people shot dead by law enforcement officers in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 February 2021, at 18:50. "[73], A public pool was named in his honor in his home town of Maywood, Illinois. By Jeffrey Haas. The details of what happened are extremely sketchy and subject to a great deal of controversy and conjecture, even to this day. Over the next five decades the Hampton and Clark families, their lawyers, the Black Panther Party, movement activists, honest reporters and documentary filmmakers, and peoples’ historians have waged a continuous … Assassination of Fred Hampton. The FBI tried to subvert his activities in Chicago, sowing disinformation among black progressive groups and placing a counterintelligence operative in the local Panthers. [32], The raid was organized by the office of Cook County State's Attorney Edward Hanrahan, using officers attached to his office. As the nationwide Panther leadership began to be decimated by the effects of the FBI's COINTELPRO, Hampton's prominence in the national hierarchy increased rapidly and dramatically. The resolution read in part: "Fred Hampton, who was only 21 years old, made his mark in Chicago history not so much by his death as by the heroic efforts of his life and by his goals of empowering the most oppressed sector of Chicago's Black community, bringing people into political life through participation in their own freedom fighting organization. Hampton had quickly risen in the Black Panther Party, and his talent as a political organizer was described as remarkable. Photo by Paul Sequeira. ", Eyes on the Prize episode 12, chronicles the leadership and extrajudicial killing of Fred Hampton. In the intervening years many events have occurred that cast new light on this case. Documentary about the death of Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois Black Panther Party. [citation needed], Hampton's funeral was attended by 5,000 people, and he was eulogized by black leaders, including Jesse Jackson and Ralph Abernathy – successor to Martin Luther King Jr. as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Fred Hampton House. He would have achieved this position had he not been killed on December 4, 1969. Either way, Clark's gun discharged once into the ceiling. 4/5 ... is played in a wonderfully disturbing single-scene … [84], The Trial of the Chicago 7 (2020) features Kelvin Harrison Jr. as Hampton, in which he advises Bobby Seale as he was denied counsel, with the Chicago Seven. In retaliation for this raid, Bill Ayers' Weather Underground Organization bombed squad cars at the Town Hall precinct police station in Lake View. Each year, supporters of the late chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party memorialize the anniversary of his death, dubbed International Revolutionary Day, with a vigil at the site of the police raid, 2337 W. Monroe St. In 1967, Hampton was identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a radical threat. [23] On July 16, 1969, an armed confrontation between party members and the Chicago Police Department resulted in one BPP member mortally wounded and six others arrested on serious charges. [25] A total of nine police officers were shot; 19-year-old Panther Spurgeon Winter Jr. was killed by police, and another Panther, Lawrence S. Bell, was charged with murder. Search Vault. "[26], As part of the larger COINTELPRO operation, the FBI was determined to prevent any improvement in the effectiveness the BPP leadership. Black Panther leader Fred Hampton, and fellow Panther Mark Clark, were shot to death by the Chicago Police Department on Dec. 4, 1969. This automatically made him a national BPP deputy chairman. But the known facts are these: On Dec 4, 1969, police raided this home at around 5 a.m. Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, members of the Black Panther Party, were killed. But a later investigation found that the Chicago police fired between ninety and ninety-nine shots, while the only Panthers shot hit the ceiling from Mark Clark's fallen shotgun. B orn August 30, 1948, Fred Hampton seemed to be destined to be a revolutionary from a young age. William O'Neal (April 9, 1949 – January 15, 1990) was an American FBI Informant inside the Black Panther Party, known for being the person who gave information to Chicago police in order for them to raid and kill Black Panther leader Fred Hampton in 1969. Fred Hampton Funeral. It is directed and produced by Shaka King, from a screenplay by King and Will Berson, and a story by King, Berson, and Kenny and Keith Lucas. On the morning of December 12, after the Chicago Tribune article had appeared with the Hanrahan-supplied photos, Challem contacted a reporter at the Chicago Sun-Times, showed him his own photographs, and encouraged the other reporter to visit the apartment. We’re gonna fight racism with solidarity. In 1979, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago found that the government had withheld relevant documents, thereby obstructing the judicial process in this case. Fred Hampton Apartment. It was reported to have been the longest federal trial up to that time. Many had felt a growing anger as the extermination drive against Panthers became more obvious, but it was the incredible death of Fred Hampton that galvanized the community and crystallized its … As a youth, Fred excelled in sports and dreamed of playing baseball for the New York Yankees.However, he also excelled in the classroom. Fred Hampton House. [5][6][7][8], A civil lawsuit was later filed on behalf of the survivors and the relatives of Hampton and Clark. Black Panther leader Fred Hampton in 1969. “Judas and the Black Messiah” is my kind of dramatized Chicago history. Revolutionary violence is the only way. In the decades since, a revealing body of evidence has emerged showing that Hampton was the victim of a political assassination, sanctioned at the highest levels of the U.S. government. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago. With this program revealed, many activists and others began to suspect that the police raid and the shooting of Fred Hampton were conducted under this program. Jeffrey Haas, who, together with his law partners G. Flint Taylor and Dennis Cunningham and attorney James D. Montgomery, were the attorneys for the plaintiffs in the federal suit Hampton v. Hanrahan, wrote a book about these events. [13][14] In 1968, he was on the verge of creating a merger between the BPP and a southside street gang with thousands of members, which would have doubled the size of the national BPP. His death was ruled a suicide. [6], Released on May 15, 1970, the reports of a federal grand jury criticized the actions of the police, the surviving Black Panthers, and the Chicago news media. [40] Then, the raiding team fired at the head of the south bedroom. But the basic thing is … TBT: Fred Hampton's death Activists reading the names of black men killed by police.