Personalized education from toddler to teenager at Hillfield Strathallan College. Alberta Percentage Letter 4.0 GPA 85 – 100 A+, A 4 80 – 84 A- 3.7 76 – 79 B+ 3.3 73 – 75 B 3 70 – 72 B- … Bad steel can be produced on any specification, if it’s not being made carefully. Each province determines its own system. American schools abroad and at home: the basics The American curriculum is a mis-nomer (there is no such thing as a National Curriculum of America), but there are requirements that most American schools meet, and qualifications and characteristics found in most of the best ones whether in the US or across the world. Rumors abound about people receiving poor quality steels from other jurisdictions. There are many standards organizations that lay out specifications for manufacturing. In Britain (and all of the UK), compulsory education is 12 years. Hope it will help. This means that they overdesign the product, so that the material can withstand greater forces than those for which they are rated (a typical safety factor when human life is at stake is a factor of five). Published standards also record the mechanical properties of a specified metal. Standards vary among climbing areas. These are the basis for product testing and certification in China. If the manufacturer is across the world rather than down the block, this is harder to assess. Choosing a school based on children’s learning interests. JISC: Japanese Industrial Standards Committee. The equivalent grade in the German system is calculated with this formula: You can use the grade calculator below to help determine your equivalent grade. Navigating this hierarchy of standards can seem impossible, but because so many have done it before, comparable metals are known for most regularly used alloys. The American system, which is used over the whole of North, Central and South America, starts with a 5.something. However, the quality of the grades of steel are as good, country to country. Easily convert grades from any country. Chemistry, melting, cooling, and heat treatment all can change the grain of the metal. Conversion Table of USA Grades to School Years Age in Years USA Grade England and Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland Republic of Ireland 4/5 K1 Reception Primary 1 Infants 5/6 K2 1 Primary 2 Senior Infants 6/7 1 2 Primary 3 1st Class 7/8 2 3 Primary 4 2nd Class 8/9 3 4 Primary 5 3rd Class This safety factor is generally at least an order of magnitude larger than the slight variations in mechanical properties that exist between standards, so the variations do not become design concerns. We also compare the Canadian grade level system to that of five other countries—Poland, the United States, Britain, France, and Germany. What matters most is the quality control within the factory. Maximum grades and passing grades for each country are available in the anabin database of the Zentralstelle für ausländisches Bildungswesen. Home; About; Services; Skills; Our Team; Our work; Contact us; Posted on December 16, 2020 by One of its very first specifications was for the steel to be used in tramways, to ensure safety and durability. In this, specifying metal is a bit like mixing paint colors, in which measured additions of pigment are added to a base paint. The previously mentioned ASTM 1050 steel might be substituted for GB#50 or JIS S 50 C. For each specification, there are small variations in chemistry. Small changes do not matter in many situations but may be relevant depending on the metal’s intended use. It is one of the founders of the ISO, and the British member body to that organization. For people without a materials background, these differences can make the purchase of foreign-made metal seem iffy, like ordering an inferior knockoff. Five steps to finding the perfect school. First founded as an industry standards organization in 1917, DIN was recast as major standards organization in the 1920s. What some may see is the difference between these two scales with the percentage for the letter grade (e.g. A standard includes the chemistry, or “recipe” for the alloy, documenting what different elements should be melted into it. ISO, the International Organization for Standardization, is an international standardization body that draws on member bodies, one from each country, for expertise. Formed in 1918, it manages the voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the US. But Canadian officials deny claims by U.S. administration and U.S. You can use this link to do so. Specific instructions may also be given on melting temperature, cooling, and treatment. The engineer considers what the final product needs to do, and in what conditions. Europe has three umbrella bodies: CEN, CENELEC, and ETSI. Canadian high schoolers are in "grade nine" through "grade twelve". Good steel should be free of inclusions, consistent throughout, and have very minor and mostly surface defects. To a new designer, steel grades might seem easy, where 316 stainless steel is one material and cast iron another, but there are variations in each of these categories of metal. I asked for the conversions from 2 US university admissions reps a couple of weeks ago. The result is a robust suite of tools—used by over 2.6 million families every year—which enable you to choose your best-fit school among the 350+ profiled on this site. Steel specifications often provide ranges for carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, nickel, and molybdenum, and none set identical ranges for each element. For each country, we highlight the years of compulsory education in blue. Below are some tables I was able to find while searching the web. Meeting people and learning who they are, examining what they value in their business, makes all the difference when sourcing the right vendor. The Canadian Standards Association specifies steel in Canada. ANSI is the top-level umbrella organization providing oversight in the US, and is the American member body to ISO. The question becomes: can you find an equivalent? Even if the standards are slightly different, the material that comes out at the end will be almost the same. Grades depend on a school and how hard/easy teachers are, and that's why ranking matters. 304 vs 316 Stainless Steel. It should be noted that, while this serves as the general system, each university tends to have its modifications. In Canada, students are required to go to school for at least 10 years. Specific instructions may also be given on melting temperature, cooling, and treatment.Published standards also record the mechanical properties of a specified metal. It formed in 1919 when industry found that the inability to communicate easily made it difficult for Canadian companies to respond quickly enough to the war effort. A comprehensive list of grading systems by province can be found at the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Eligibility Center International Directory.. Keep in mind the province each of your Canadian applicants comes from, as grading scales vary. As such, you would simply divide 9 by 4 and you would roughly get 2.25. Relationships and oversight along the supply chain are as important in a global economy as in a local one. [Read more], The Store is available through your user account dashboard, allowing you access to exclusive discounts on Surface products, from laptops to accessories that support remote learning. International standards do not translate, metal-for-metal, the way words might translate. Please also see our Privacy Policy. In some Canadian provinces and US states, though, students are required to complete high school, right through to the end of Grade 12. It is not just chemistry, but also processing, that changes the behavior of a metal. Grades like "Very good" (5-) and "Average" (3+) are also possible - these are ignored in calculations. This list of standards organizations is not complete, but instead has been chosen to reflect the complexity and variation of standardization throughout the world and demonstrate the standards that a metal engineer may run into while specifying a product. International grade conversion to the US equivalent. 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