When comparing a sea lion vs. seal you can spot the difference a few ways, one of which is the lack or presence of an ear. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. They are uniformly dark brown and vocalize with the notable sea lion "bark". Exactly how fast can seals and sea lions swim? The first difference between the seals and sea lions that we will discuss is the shape of their bodies and front fore flippers. Privacy Notice |  Pinnipeds divide their time between near shore terrestrial habitats and the ocean. Kim Hulse, National Geographic Society They are mammals, which means that they have live young, produce milk, have hair (or fur) on their bodies, and breathe air. Seals also are suited to spend more time in the water than sea lions, which can "walk" on shore with their large flippers and spend time in large social groups. Males measure about 20 feet long (6 meters), while females are about half as long. Introduce the concept of classification.Discuss why scientists classify animals into different groups. It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. Have students compare the two drawings and list at least two features that seals and sea lions share. Sea lions and seals live with dolphins and otters as sea lovers attracting people to beaches and aquariums. Then ask them to compare how each animal uses its flippers on land and in water. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring. Sea lions also have a more rounded snout whereas the fur seal has a more pointed nose. Telling the Difference Between a Seal vs Sea Lion Before where, you should understand who these creatures are that we're talking about. Taxonomy enables scientists to make sense of the millions of kinds of living things and see how they are related. This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Besides, when swimming, the seal mainly uses the hind flippers as thrusters; the sea lion swims with its front fins, with hind flippers acting as rudders. Ask them how they would explain how to tell seals and sea lions apart to someone who has never seen either. Have students identify differences.Have students find at least two features that differ in seals and sea lions. Seals do not have external ears. Fur seals are occasionally seen off the RNSP coastline farther out to sea, however, they do not come ashore here, and breed in the far northern Pacific. What Are the Differences Between Seals and Sea Lions? You cannot download interactives. How can sea lions and fur seals be told apart from these true seals? Program. This is why scientists refer to species in the family Otariidae as eared seals. Discuss how these features relate to swimming in cold water. Steller Sea Lions. There are 18 species of true seals, according to Seals World. Firstly, seals and sea lions have completely different ears. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. The sea lion's hind flippers are stronger and more flexible. Distribute the worksheet and have students identify similarities.Give each student a copy of the worksheet Seals and Sea Lions: Compare and Contrast. 1. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. (Hair, blubber, and flippers all keep animals warm in icy water.)3. Seals, on the other hand, build speed with their rear flippers and by moving their lower body side-to-side in a sculling motion. Seals, sea lions, and walruses are all in the order Carnivora and suborder Pinnipedia, thus they are called “pinnipeds.” Pinnipeds are mammals that are well-adapted for swimming. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were once abundant and commonly seen at Point Lobos as recently as the 1950’s. In and around RNSP, there are two seal species to be found, the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirotris). An adaptation is passed from generation to generation. As per the classification of Pinnipeds, there are two types of seals: fur seals and true seals. There are other, somewhat subtle, differences between the front flippers of the two groups, but the hind flipper differences are noticeable. Terms of Service |  Watch and discuss the video.Show students the video of leopard seals. Taxonomic discussions tend to be a bit muddled as scientists strive to classify all the different species on the planet. Crescent City, CA Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. 1145 17th Street NW © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. There are many places along Oregon's 363-mile coastline where you can see seals or sea lions in their natural setting and some can be seen in developed harbor areas as well. These two amazing creatures are larger than grizzly bears and are some of the top marine predators. Seals and sea lions are actually called fin-footed animals or pinnipedia. Seals were tagged as earless since they do not have ear flaps. This curated collection for learners in grades 3-5 can be implemented at home with minimal supplies and includes engaging, fun, and skill-building lessons in social studies, geography, science, and more. Steller sea lions have golden-colored fur with darker extremities, and instead of the "bark" of the California sea lion, Stellers vocalize by growling or "bellowing". Females are much smaller, but still weigh more than a car at 2,000 lbs. Males are massive, weighing up to 8,500 lbs. Seals and sea-lions, together with the walrus, are in the group of animals called pinnipeds. The California Sea Lion as pictured […] Discuss how this movement relates to the animals' vulnerability to predators like polar bears and sharks. They usually have a streamlined barrel shape and four flippers at the end of each limb. CodyCross is a famous newly released game which is developed by Fanatee. Kristen Dell, National Geographic Society, Sheryl Hasegawa, National Geographic Society For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Movement on Land Seals and sea lions do have common characteristics, hence they are somewhat the same, but some characteristics are unique and you can distinguish between them easily. Code of Ethics. It's not like a sea lion doesn't have its own impressive set of jaws, not to mention they hunt penguins as well. If you can tell the sea lions apart, you’ve reached expert level in seal identification. California sea lions are the "trained seal" of marine parks and circuses. They are warm-blooded marine mammals that could live both in water and on land. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. First, check for ears. Looking at the photos of sea lions vs. fur seals, can you find any other ways to tell them apart? Seals vs Sea Lions Both seals and sea lions, together with the walrus, are pinnipeds, which means “fin-footed” in Latin. (3,855.5 kilograms). Seal is a member of the Phocidae family. Seals and sea lions are mostly fish-eaters, although most of the species also eat squid, mollusks, crustaceans, marine worms, sea birds, and other seals. In and around Redwood National and State Parks, the most commonly seen eared seal is the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). She or he will best know the preferred format. They are just to big, and what could a bit from a leopard seal really do to a sea lion which is covered in blubber and such a massive creature. Sea-lions can also be seen on the way out to Bremer Canyon, where Orcas area also prevelant. Seals and sea lions are members of the pinniped family and the Oregon Coast is home to Harbor Seals, Steller Sea Lions, California Sea Lions and Northern Elephant Seals, some of which can be seen year-round. Ask students to think of an example of two animals that look similar but belong to different families. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. They can rotate under the sea lion's body and support it, enabling the sea lion to "walk" with the flippers on land. Steller males are massive, the largest of the eared seals, weighing in at 1,200 lbs (0.5 metric ton) or greater. Tell students that the science of classifying organisms into different groups is taxonomy. Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. When sea lions swim, they propel themselves through the water using their front flippers. When seals and sea lions share our shores, we need to give them space, especially mothers with pups. The smallest is the ringed seal, with an average length of 5 feet (1.5 m) and a weight of 110 to 150 lbs. As horrible as it is, but one really easy way to tell them apart comes to us courtesy of the Discovery Channel. Sea lions can only dive as deep as 450m, but dives further than 200 are uncommon, and they can’t store as much oxygen in their lungs as seals can. 11 Jul, 2018 Seals and sea lions are found in many of America’s national marine sanctuaries. Students use observation skills to determine taxonomic differences between seals and sea lions. Sea lions belong to family Otariidae. Ask students to predict which of these marine mammals could move most easily on land (sea lions). Despite the similarities of outward appearance, true seals and sea lions have some noticeable differences, due to convergent evolution. Noticing the differences between a Sea Lion and a Harbor Seal: First off, let’s talk about those good looks. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. Next, there is a pretty … Unlike other sea-lions, the species only breeds every 17-18 months, with Seal Bay on Kangaroo Island supporting the third largest colony of Australian Sea-lions with a population of around 1,000. Difference Between Seal and Sea Lion Classification. Sea lions and fur seals have external ears that protrude from their heads. True seals are also known as earless seals, or simply "seals". Put your skills to the test and come visit the seals and sea lions at the Aquarium! Fur seals are eared seals and belong to family Otariidae. In seals, the hind flippers extend directly behind the body, and are not capable of rotation unlike the hind flippers of sea lions that are longer and may be rotated toward the front of the body. The ones that eat mostly fish specialize in oil-bearing species like eels, herrings, and anchovies because they swim in shoals and are easy to catch, and are good energy sources. 1. If you have ever seen an episode of Shark Week chances are you have seen the specials that showcase the great white sharks jumping off the coast of South Africa. Seals swim using the sculling movement of their hind flippers. Seals and sea lions have many similarities, and are in the same family of Pinnipeds, but they lead very different lives. Have students use the National Geographic Animals site to research what California sea lions eat, where they find food, and how they eat it. 4. 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