Jeremiah 38 Commentary This is the third chapter in what we’re calling the “Bitter End” of Judah. The king of Judah tells these officials – whom I would assume he himself appointed – he tells them that he can’t do anything to stop him. John Trapp Complete Commentary. There are several similarities between the events of Jeremiah 37 and Jeremiah 38 and some commentators (such as Thompson) believe the two chapters describe the same event from different perspectives. Well, these officials come to Zedekiah and demand death for Jeremiah, because he’s supposedly demoralizing the troops with God’s infallible message. They would be conquered but not destroyed and burned with fire. Amen. First it was – yeah, go ahead and kill him. That’s why he’s in that room under the treasury looking for old rags – so that he could put them between the ropes and Jeremiah’s body so that the prophet could be as comfortable as possible as he’s lifting him out of the cistern – which just a little while ago was set to be the prophet’s grave. Psalm 69:14).” (Thompson), ii. So, this approach is very public. Jeremiah 38 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, written by 29 eminent scholars, is one of the most-recognized standards of expository commentaries Jeremiah 38 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary contains over 34,000 pages in its original 56 volume printing, the largest of its kind All of a sudden, out of nowhere, a gentile comes to Jeremiah’s rescue in verses 7-9. Jeremiah was put into a dungeon. Jeremiah 38:1. Well, amazingly, in verse 5 we witness Zedekiah acquiescing to the wicked request of these officials. and if I give thee counsel, wilt thou not hearken unto me? And then we see the summary of Jeremiah’s status and safety in verse 13 there. i. Jeremiah went back to the prison; Zedekiah went to the palace. on StudyLight.org 7. He had God’s word proclaimed clearly and pointedly to him. The Anchor Bible Commentary by John Bright says that Jer. 38 Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehukal[ a] son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah was telling all the people when he said, 2 “This is what the Lord says: ‘Whoever stays in this city will die by the sword, famine or plague, but whoever goes over to the Babylonians[ b] will live. (1-3) Jeremiah preaching in the days of Zedekiah. John Trapp Complete Commentary. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Reply. In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem, and besieged it. a. I am afraid of the Jews who have defected to the Chaldeans: Like all of us, Zedekiah could always think of a reason why obedience to God wasn’t such a good idea. We’ve seen some soberness from him. Maybe he will submit to God. Jeremiah 39:1-18 Ignoring The Will of God. c. Your close friends have set upon you: Jeremiah spoke a short piece of poetry voicing the devastation that the wives and children of Zedekiah and Jerusalem would feel at the violence and destruction that would come if the king continued his disobedience to God. Maybe you’d expect them to surrender to Babylon. It’s interesting to note that God promises Zedekiah life for obedience. “Even the preview of what he is bringing on his family (Jeremiah 38:23) fails to pull the king together. So, that’s blessing for obedience. Please, obey the voice of the LORD: Jeremiah appealed to the king, knowing that always, the safest thing to do is to obey the voice of the LORD. So, let’s begin explaining the first section of Jeremiah 38. Surrender to the king of Babylon’s princes: Zedekiah knew what it was to surrender to princes; he shamefully surrendered to the princes of Judah (Jeremiah 38:4). Bible commentary on the Book of Jeremiah, chapter 38, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Don’t worry about that. 38:26 "you are to say to them" Jeremiah agrees to the cover story. And he was there when Jerusalem was taken. And he and his family would remain alive (Jeremiah 38:17). The second chapter – Jeremiah 37 had God’s spoken word through Jeremiah temporarily imprisoned. b. And – under God – Jeremiah owed his very life to this African gentile. Jeremiah 38:14-28 Is it Information or Truth That You Want? 38:1-13 Jeremiah went on in his plain preaching. But they had refused over and over. The princes of Judah, taking offense at Jeremiah on account of his predicting the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by the Chaldeans, cause him to be cast into a deep and miry dungeon, Jeremiah 38:1-6.Ebed-melech, an Ethiopian, gets the king's permission to take him out, Jeremiah 38:7-13.Jeremiah advises the king, who consulted him privately, to surrender to the Chaldeans, Jeremiah 38… And he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. 38 Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur (), Jehukal [] son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah was telling all the people when he said, 2 “This is what the Lord says: ‘Whoever stays in this city will die by the sword, famine or plague, but whoever goes over to the Babylonians [] will live. Jeremiah 38 Commentary and Questions . Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Jeremiah 38:6 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that [was] in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. They will label us as “misogynists” because of the way that Scripture cuts cross-grain to the current ungodly feminism of this culture. Thanks, Kimberly! Jeremiah Thrown Into a Cistern. 6 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the [dungeon/cistern] of Malchiah the son of [Hammelech/the king] [i.e., one of the royal princes…], that was in the [court/courtyard] of the [prison/guard/guardhouse]: and they let down Jeremiah with [cords/ropes]. i. R. K. Harrison, in the Tyndale OT Series lists the similarities of Jer. Jeremiah 38:9 - 'My lord the king, these men have acted wickedly in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet whom they have cast into the cistern; and he will die right where he is because of the famine, for there is no more bread in the city.' Commentary on Jeremiah 38:1-13 (Read Jeremiah 38:1-13) Jeremiah went on in his plain preaching. Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian.] The first consists of verses 1-13. You can also change some of your preferences. Bible Study: Jeremiah 38, from Christian Life News Media. And now this third chapter – Jeremiah 38 consists of two major scenes. I am afraid of the Jews [that are fallen/who have deserted] to the Chaldeans,lest they [Babylon] deliver me into their [Jews] hand, and they [Jews] [mock/deal cruelly with/torture] me. b. Please, obey the voice of the LORD which I speak to you. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. They used him as a criminal; he used him as a privy-counsellor. The first chapter we saw in this section – Jeremiah 36 had Jehoiakim burning the Lord’s written message. Obey, I beseech thee, the voice of the LORD, which I speak unto thee: so it shall be well unto thee, and thy soul shall live. c. Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison until the day that Jerusalem was taken: Jeremiah was not again taken to the pit dungeon and remained there until Jerusalem was conquered, just as he prophesied. So, the word from God for Zedekiah is – surrender to Babylon and you will be rewarded with life. Jeremiah had assured Ebedmelech that his life would be spared when the Babylonians would come knocking at the doors of Jerusalem. 1 Then Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people, saying, 2Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city shall die . Some *Jews had left the city already. 7 ¶ Now when Ebedmelech [heb. The less men fear God, the more they fear men; often they dare not act according to their own judgments and consciences. Study Jeremiah 38 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. on StudyLight.org Then Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “Let no one know of these words, and you shall not die. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Now it’s – take as many men as you need – even 30! Jeremiah 40:1-16 Jeremiah Goes Free. He’s speaking this just maybe months or even weeks before his kingdom crashes down around him. This city shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon’s army, which shall take it. In the last chapter we saw him asking the prophet Jeremiah who had devoted decades to proclaiming God’s message – and as we’ve seen throughout this book, that message didn’t really change all that much during that time. "In verse 6 it is important that during the rain period in winter a layer of water was formed on the mud. Jeremiah 38:9 - 'My lord the king, these men have acted wickedly in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet whom they have cast into the cistern; and he will die right where he is because of the famine, for there is no more bread in the city.' “All he had to do was trust the prophet, to lift his head high, take up the flag of truce, walk past the princes and out to the Chaldean armies. (15-18) Commentary on Jeremiah 39:1-10 (Read Jeremiah 39:1-10) Jerusalem was so strong, that the inhabitants believed the enemy could never enter it. And we’re helped in that regard by remembering that our dear friend and brother Jeremiah – one man in that great “cloud of witnesses” from Hebrews – experienced the same exact thing in his day. Well, four officials did it just a few verses ago. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Through Jeremiah, God warned Zedekiah to surrender to the rightprinces. So, Jeremiah communicates that apprehension to the king in verse 15. Jeremiah 38 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible And in the [dungeon/cistern] there was no water [which you would expect in a cistern…], but [mire/mud only]: And the way this is reported might not give you the sense of the danger that Jeremiah faces. c. This city shall not be burned with fire: The fate of the city rested with one man’s repentance and trust in the LORD. So, you wonder – what will happen to those […] There would be a blessing for obedience (it shall be well with you, and your soul shall live) and a curse for disobedience (they shall surrender all your wives and children to the Chaldeans). So, that’s God’s message to Zedekiah. That major section of the book of Jeremiah runs from chapter 36 through chapter 45. It would turn out better for the prophet than for the king. Instead though, we see in verse 4 these four officials of Judah seeking permission from king Zedekiah to kill the prophet Jeremiah. (b.c. Jeremiah 38 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. I thank God for this write up. And that sounds a lot like what these officials did to Jeremiah earlier. thy feet are sunk in the mire,and [instead of helping you…] they are turned away back. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Donns says: September 17, 2018 at 9:02 am. << Jeremiah 38 | Jeremiah 39 | Jeremiah 40 >> (Read all of Jeremiah 39) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. and those women shall say [to you, Zedekiah…]. Ebed-Melech shows an extraordinary amount of compassion for Jeremiah. Jeremiah Put into the Dungeon; Ebed-melech's Care of Jeremiah. Commentary on Jeremiah 34:1-7 (Read Jeremiah 34:1-7) Zedekiah is told that the city shall be taken, and that he shall die a captive, but he shall die a natural death. Your feet have sunk in the mire, He did ask the king this very question in 37:20. 1. by the sword, 2 The rulers cast Jeremiah into a muddy dungeon—He is freed by Ebed-melech, an Ethiopian, and put in the court of the prison—Jeremiah counsels Zedekiah concerning the war. Well, Jeremiah seeks to assure the king that he should indeed fear God rather than man in verses 20-23. It may be that the only abuse he had to fear was mocking and contempt from those who surrendered earlier: “We surrendered months ago when you told us to continue to the fight. Conclusion: Utley's notes should be used with caution as he does not always allow the text to say what the text says if read in a normal manner! And yet, what these men count as demoralization, God intends as humbling. The Lord got Jeremiah through this very trying time and afterwards he remained safe. then shall this city be given into the hand of the Chaldeans,and they shall burn it with fire,and thou shalt not escape out of their hand. If he surrendered, your house shall live – his wives, children, and royal family would be largely spared from death. Jeremiah 38 Pulpit Commentary. And so it’s best to see this as Zedekiah’s pendulum swinging in the completely opposite direction as where it was when the officials came to him. And yet, after receiving God’s counsel and admonitions from the prophet Jeremiah, Zedekiah abruptly ends the conversation. And what Zedekiah needed to do is what the Lord Jesus commanded his hearers – don’t fear the one who is able to destroy only the body – but rather fear him who is able to cast both body and soul into hell. Is mentioned in ( Jer your own Jeremiah 38 commentary, filling six volumes provides... 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