They feel that dogs attack people who deserve it for one reason or another. For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. However, across the country, ownership of dogs that match these vague physical characteristics are being banned – regardless of their parentage. The Problem With Breed Specific Legislation The time has arrived, many say, for restricting the presence of- and even eliminating- certain breeds of dogs. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. None of those are in Virginia. A heavy and muscular neck? These are passed in response to data that shows that certain dogs are more liable to dog bites and animal attacks than others. Many experts have also observed that public perceptions of which breeds are most dangerous have changed throughout the decades. Residents have spoken — pit bulls will not be banned in Springfield. An Oklahoma state senator introduced SB 32, which would allow breed-specific legislation, as it would ban certain dog breeds. Because adoptable dogs of the targeted breed cannot be adopted out, they are generally euthanized at the shelter at public expense. Third, BSL provides a false sense of security. In fact, the American Kennel Club, the American Veterinary Medical Association, the National Animal Control Association, the American Bar Association, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, and a host of other respected national organizations oppose BSL and recognize the inequities and inherent fallacies of such laws. Feel free to post us your opinions using the form below and we will place it on the site! Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. It was first conceived as a method of controlling and reducing animal cruelty, as well as mitigating the occurrence of dog-related human injuries and the illegal activities of dog-fighting and related crimes. (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. of the controversies currently surrounding the topic of “breed” bans, also know as “pit bull bans” or “breed–specific legislation” (BSL). First and foremost, it is difficult to enforce. For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. The ASPCA , The HSUS and the American Veterinary Medical Association all hold similar positions. Breed Specific Legislation: As defined by the ASPCA, “Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain dog breeds in an effort to decrease dog … Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. What this study adds. For more information and talking points on this issue, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page in the AKC Government Relations Legislative Action Center. Devocalization (also known as ventriculocordectomy or vocal cordectomy and when performed on dogs is commonly known as debarking or bark softening) is a surgical procedure performed on dogs and cats, where tissue is removed from the animal's vocal cords to … Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by the outcome. The main reason BSL legislation is being overturned is because of new dog bite incident data and organizations challenging these laws. Breed-Specific Legislation regulates and enforces laws that prevent people from owning certain breeds in certain states and cities. Dog and Breed-Specific Legislation During the year of 2001 Washington D.C. created the Pit Bull Public Protection Act. The time and money spent enforcing BSL means less time and money is spent on enforcing better alternatives to keeping a community safe. Many Animal Control agencies use a very vague list of breed characteristics to determine whether a dog is considered a certain breed. “Any dog may bite, regardless of the dog’s size or sex, or reported breed or mix of breeds. Two days ago there was another helping of a Documentary called "Pedigree Dogs Exposed - Three Years On". The outright controversial legislation and BSL ban target Pit Bulls and many other breeds. Few breeds inspire as much emotion as the pit bull. In Bermuda, you will need to take extra precautions if you plan to walk your Australian Cattle Dog or Bouvier des Flanders in public. Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. However, the seemingly high numbers of pit bull attacks … control legislation is characterizing a dog as vi-cious, or in some way restricting ownership of a breed, on the basis of breed description alone. Introduction of BSL is most common after a tragic attack or bite incident. Dog breed bans and other forms of breed discriminatory legislation force many people to give up their beloved pets. Officials who voted for the ban cited public safety. More: All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says. I can categorically state that the passage of breed-specific legislation (BSL) never occurs casually or impulsively. Many national organizations have come out against breed-specific legislation, including the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the American Veterinary Medical Association and the National Animal Care & Control Association. Whether even an expert can adequately identify a mixed breed dog is itself subject to controversy. My school project - an short introspective about the controversy surrounding Pit bulls and Breed Specific Legislation. It is also very difficult for public officials to enforce such provisions in a fair and effective manner. The Pit Bull Controversy. Regulation defining acceptable dog behavior is probably a more practical approach to controlling this growing problem than breed specific legislation. Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. In many countries throughout the world, attempts to bring down the number of dog bites have included measures taken … In the summer of 2017, two toddlers and their mother were mauled by a neighbor's pit bulls. The exact nature of breed-specific legislation designed to ban or restrict certain types of dogs varies from one venue to another. Supporters of breed specific legislation are driven by fear and misunderstanding on the part of those who do not have any knowledge of the supposedly vicious breeds. Breed Specific Legislation is a term used to ban a dog breed.This is, in theory to limit dog attacks. In the 1970s, Doberman Pinschers were singled out. Breed Specific (Selective) Legislation (BSL) laws regard certain breeds of domesticated animals as dangerous. She was concerned that a Fifth Estate episode on whether pit bulls should be banned was biased and cherry-picked data and information. • Breed-specific legislation engenders a false and dangerous perception that breeds not included will not show aggression. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds. Breed-Specific Health Strategies: By breed, nationally and internationally. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. One City Council committee has discussed the possibility of requiring all dog owners to register, vaccinate and microchip their pets, regardless of breed. Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to explore the advantages, disadvantages, and the alternatives associated with breed specific legislation. On Tuesday, voters chose to overturn a controversial ban on pit bulls, which would have grandfathered in current pets but not allowed any new ones. Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. specific breeds for regulation or, in some cases, outright bans. Breed specific regulations may alleviate the anxieties of those who are particularly concerned about the reputation of particular dog breeds. Breed-specific legislation is not about dogs at all. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. "The ban as not going to do anything to change bad dog owners, backyard breeders and animal abusers. Breed Specific Legislation Wednesday, 29 February 2012. Why does BSL legislation even exist? Typical was her opening assertion that breed-specific legislation is an impulsive and reactive response to a particular recent dog attack which just happened to have been inflicted by a pit bull. Well. One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). A cursory look at history shows that the pervasive trend in anti-dog legislation is no longer a problem peculiar to just the large cities. Enforcing laws that punish “the deed, not the breed” ensures that communities stay safe and individuals can enjoy their choice of breed and the best pet for their lifestyle. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a law or ordinance that regulates or completely bans the keeping of dogs of or presumed to be specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds and/or dogs which are or presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. The ASPCA , The HSUS and the American Veterinary Medical Association all hold similar positions. In order to acquire such information a questionnaire was designed and distributed using two main methods over a period of five months. Some who cast a vote against the proposal said the city should concentrate on providing more resources to animal control and enforcing a dog ordinance that applies to all breeds. In terms of Breed Bias, this refers to the bias against certain dog breeds. This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy. We hope this page helps to provoke some thought on a few of these controversial issues. A. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. A tail medium in length that tapers to a point? American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. • Breed-specific legislation has been shown to be difficult to apply due to the problem of defining breeds and breed types. States and municipalities across the country have considered—and, in some cases, enacted—breed-specific legislation designed to protect the public against dog bites.18 Commonly, these statutes and ordinances have banned, or Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds.. Due to the successful petition effort, the implementation of the proposal was suspended until the voters could decide whether they wanted to ban pit bulls in Springfield. In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. 16 One point of controversy is whether a dog can be classified as dan- gerous or vicious solely on the basis of its breed. It is discrimination against people. My intent was to provide evidence that any… One of the major criticisms of the breed ban was that "pit bulls" are broadly defined. "Generally speaking, people love their dogs and they want to be able to keep their pets," she said. Uniformly enforced animal control laws will force all owners, regardless of the breed of dog they own, to be responsible animal owners while also preventing irresponsible owners from simply turning to a different breed. Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. While proponents have good intentions in trying to protect their communities from dangerous dogs, breed-specific bans ultimately punish responsible dog owners, while doing very little to actually punish irresponsible owners. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Second, BSL is extremely costly to the community. Pedigree Dogs Exposed. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws. Finally, this part introduces the two most common types of laws regulating ownership of dangerous dogs---dangerous-dog laws and breed-specific legislation-and explores the constitutional challenges confronting each. Springfield's ordinance defines "pit bull dogs" as any dog "that is an American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any dog displaying the majority of physical traits of any one or more of the above breeds, or any dog exhibiting those distinguishing characteristics which substantially conform to the standards established by the American Kennel Club or United Kennel Club for any of the above breeds.". An owner must move to a city that allows the breed or they must have their dog euthanized. Breed-specific legislation refers to all laws that seek to restrict or eliminate ownership of certain animal breeds, most often dog breeds. “Breed-specific” legislation is the term for laws that regulate or ban certain breeds completely. All dogs descended with the grey wolf from a common ancestor (Handwerk,2018).Over thousands of years we have domesticated and bred these once-wild wolves to be obedient house pets. Despite the Tuesday defeat of the ban, Springfield's more than decade-old restrictions on pit bulls remain. Breed specific legislation is not a practicable approach to regulation of dogs. generating public controversy and fear in relation to dog bites and serious and fatal attacks on humans: the pit bull terrier. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by … BSL identifies a dog as … Breed-specific legislation means that there is a law restricting a specific breed in some way. BSL is on the rise in the United States. According to the ASPCA, "Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. A study published by the Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances found that owner behavior has a direct impact on dog aggression and personality (“Factors Links to Dominance Aggression in Dogs.” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. The BSL bans affect many cities throughout the world. But it certainly would (create) a lot of pain for responsible dog owners who believe their dogs are part of their family.". The AVSAB’s position is that such legislation—often called breed-specific legislation (BSL)—is ineffective, and can lead to a false sense of community safety as well as welfare concerns for dogs identified (often incorrectly) as belonging to specific breeds.”. Why Breed Specific Legislation Against Pit Bulls Should Tick You Off—Even if You Don’t Own a Pit. The City of Kearney, Missouri, for example, only requires a dog to meet five of the eight characteristics on their checklist before they are banned from the city. The ban was scheduled to go into effect in January. Council originally passed the ban in a 5-4 vote in October. A smooth and short coat? If you said yes to these questions, then congratulations, you own a “pit bull” …At least according to the City and County of San Francisco’s Department of Animal Care and Control. "A lot of people who came to the polls came to vote on this very issue," she said. This is why the controversy over breed-specific legislation has increased in recent years. The American Kennel Club takes exception to this generalization. They feel that the statistics compiled on dog attacks are inaccurate, and that the press has created the false impression that there is a dog bite problem in the USA. Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. Pit bull owners are required, among other things, to spay or neuter their pets, have a microchip inserted under their dogs' skin and keep them leashed and muzzled in public. Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. Andrea Roach, one of the founders of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation, said, "Thank you to the people of Springfield and all the volunteers and donors who helped save dogs' lives today. Additionally, in 2003, Italy had a list of 92 banned and restricted breeds, a list that included the Bearded Collie and Corgi, until policymakers came to the realization that it is more effective to hold the owner than the breed responsible for the actions of a specific dog. Worldwide, the breeds of dogs banned or restricted is also surprising. Controversy over breed-specific legislation continues despite compelling evidence which indicates that breed-specific legislation does not reduce dog bite frequency, and that the enforcement of breed-specific laws is both impractical and not cost-effective. Approximately 550 jurisdictions in the United States have enacted breed-specific legislation … What Problems Prompted BSL? In America, responsible people should be allowed to love and care for any breed of dog they choose. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … A rottweiler- like many of the dogs categorized as having genetic vicious tendencies- in reality, is a very lovable dog with a natural instinct to protect those that he loves. In the United States, more than 700 cities have enacted BSL, affecting thousands of dogs across the country, in addition to the many breeds affected worldwide. Although there have been many studies on the effectiveness of BSL, there is no evidence to support the notion that some breeds of dogs are more inherently dangerous than others or that banning ownership of certain breeds lowers the bite rate. ", All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. 8(2): 336-342, 2009). In 2005 the AKC tracked 106 breed-specific measures that were adverse to purebred dogs. Once revered as loving “nanny dogs,” pit bulls have lost their favored status of late. Working together, we can ensure that every loving pet — … This may involve anything from a specific dog breed needing to wear a muzzle in public or requiring certain breeds to be spayed or neutered. And in Ireland, you must be 16 years of age and have your dog muzzled if you plan on taking your Rhodesian Ridgeback off your property. Breed-specific legislation. Some feel that banning a breed is like human racial discrimination. BSL is a slippery slope that can affect any breed of dog. In 2016, Montreal passed a controversial breed ban, ... Breed-Specific Legislation is something that should be on your radar any time you are thinking of moving to a … Lynn advocates such legislation and lists on her website more than 700 localities in the United States that have some form of breed-specific law. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Position Paper: Nature vs. Nurture The controversy of nature vs. nurture has been going on for many years, and a decision has not yet been 689 Words | 3 Pages . Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. The exact nature of breed-specific legislation designed to ban or restrict certain types of dogs varies from one venue to another. Skip to main content. Breed-Specific Legislation Still Exists. This seems to be the "quick fix". There is no such problem, they say. Breed specific regulation is very controversial and difficult to administer. 25 This type of legislation does not make concessions for those members of the breed who are valuable assets to their communities, such as therapy dogs, assistance dogs, or advanced trained dogs such as drug dogs and search and rescue dogs. This begs the question, will your breed be next? It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. The time spent on breed identification takes time away from important tasks that could impact the community for the better. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. Jan 23, 2018; The complainant, April Fahr, is the Director of Education and Advocacy for the HugABull Advocacy & Rescue Society. legislation in dog politics. In Ukraine there are 80 breeds banned and restricted, including one of America’s most popular dogs, the Labrador Retriever. A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. Or can we finally put the responsibility for dangerous dogs where it really  belongs—on irresponsible owners regardless of breed. The pit bull issue was important to many voters interviewed by News-Leader reporters on election day. The Problem with Breed Specific Legislation. Wolfdog-Wikipedia. Breed Specific Legislation targets dogs that look a certain way, rather than dogs who act a certain way, and is used as a “preventative measure”, rather than a consequence for actions. It … Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. Would your pug with its broad chest and short coat be in danger of getting banned under these requirements? (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. This money could be used more efficiently by addressing the root cause of the problem- irresponsible dog ownership. According to the organization Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, there are currently 75 banned or restricted breeds … Other studies, including one from the United States Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), support the premise that any dog can be exploited and trained to be aggressive, and when specific breeds are regulated, offenders will switch to unregulated breeds to exploit. Breed-specific legislation is an area of considerable controversy that would benefit from long-term evaluation studies in which data from surrounding unlegislated areas are used for comparative purposes. BSL and breed bans are not only ineffective, but expensive, and harmful to everyone involved. Some say, "do nothing at all." A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. Such laws are usually enacted when it is believed a certain breed of dog is especially dangerous and poses a public welfare risk. In 2006 that number surpassed the previous year. "Women" in the Ancient World: A Selected Bibliography (2nd edition: 8240 entries) AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. According to the organization Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, there are currently 75 banned or restricted breeds in the United States. Puppy Enrolment: Dog Enrolment "The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated." Does your dog have almond shaped eyes? Controversially, however, when a municipality or a county prohibits a banned breed from being transported within their limits, that city or county's ordinance, like the one in Denver, Colorado , may require the owner of a banned breed to acquire a transport permit before the dog can be transported through the municipality or the county. However, within a month, more than 7,800 people signed a petition, circulated by a local group called Citizens Against BSL, in an effort to stop the ban. Recent pit bull controversy highlights breed-specific laws December 19, 2014 Jacob Bielanski Government , News 0 Officials in St. Charles Parish defend their own restrictions on pit bulls after national pressure forced the town of Moreauville to repeal its own ordinance banning anyone from owning the breed. Controversy. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. However, the problem will not be solved by the “quick fix” of such breed-discriminatory laws. The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. This act would ban new pit bulls from coming into the city, while pit bulls that were already there could stay with very strict restrictions. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page, iy_2021; im_01; id_11; ih_18; imh_24; i_epoch:1610418272482, py_2021; pm_01; pd_11; ph_15; pmh_33; p_epoch:1610407986212, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Mon Jan 11 15:33:06 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1610407986212. When BSL is implemented in a community, the shelter costs for that community increase when residents are forced to abandon household pets of the targeted breeds at shelters. The aim of this study was to identify both the level and source of knowledge that dog owners in the UK have of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Anti-pitbull, anti-rottweiler, anti-doberman (etc.) In the 80s, German Shepherds targeted. In the 90s it shifted to Rottweilers, and today it’s pit bulls. About 68 percent of people voted "no" on Springfield's Question 1, preliminary election results show. This has been a major source of controversy. A spokeswoman said the legislation falsely led people to believe that non-prohibited types of dogs were safe. All rights reserved. As of 2016, a large chunk of breed-specific legislation has been overturned. The study of approximately 50 purebred breeds concluded that the time an owner spends caring for and training a dog is inversely correlated to the level of aggressive behavior the dog exhibits. rather than the specific traits of a breed. Strongly enforced animal control laws (such as leash laws), generic guidelines on dealing with dangerous dogs of any breed, and increased public education efforts to promote responsible dog ownership are all better ways to protect communities from dangerous animals. Breed Specific Legislation and The Nature Versus Nurture Debate in Relation to Pit Bulls Page 2 Introduction When exactly dogs became ‘man's best friend’ is unclear but lineages are traced back over 20,000 years. Likewise, other municipalities and counties may require an … “We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources,” the Obama administration wrote in … According to the Best Friends Animal Society, Prince George’s County, Maryland spends more than $250,000 annually to enforce their pit bull ban. Larkin said volunteers with Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation helped many people register to vote during their public outreach and awareness events. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. Mahatma Gandhi. You could say that this was a sequel to the first programme that was aired three years ago regarding the health and welfare of Pedigree Dogs. Breed specific legislation essentially bans, restricts or imposes conditions on the ownership of certain breeds of dogs, typically those breeds that presumably pose the greatest risk of dog bite injury. A broad chest? Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. It was on the heels of this attack that City Council began discussing a possible future without pit bulls. Breed-Specific Legislation or BSL, are laws and statutes that are passed in order to regulate the ownership and keeping of various breeds of dogs. Bsl legislation is not unique BSL ) carries a lot of emotion for many people Association hold. Is difficult to enforce as dangerous not recognize the “ pit bull ” as a specific breed who! For regulation or, in some way acquire such information a questionnaire was designed distributed... News-Leader reporters on election day misconception that pit bulls great deal of controversy is whether a dog can classified. Summer of 2017, two toddlers and their mother were mauled by a neighbor 's bulls... This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy is whether a dog considered... 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Says, your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy perception that breeds not included will not be solved by the “ bull...