Neon is a chemical element with atomic number 10 which means there are 10 protons and 10 electrons in the atomic structure. Boiling points generally show a regular increase within homologous series and are nearly identical for isomers. Lead is soft and malleable, and has a relatively low melting point. It exists as individual atoms so its van der Waals are very weak. Sodium chloride melts at  801°C. However, certain conclusions can be drawn from Figure 7. The chemical symbol for Molybdenum is Mo. Plutonium is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when oxidized. Zirconium is widely used as a cladding for nuclear reactor fuels. Neodymium is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. The chemical symbol for Krypton is Kr. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine. Melting Point °C: Boiling Point °C: Refractive Index¹: Specific Gravity²: Acetic Acid: 64-19-7: 60.05: 16.2: 117-118: 1.3710: 1.049: Acetic Anhydride: 108-24-7: 102.09-73: 138-140: 1.3900: 1.080: Acetone: 67-64-1: 58.08-94: 56: 1.3590: 0.791: Acetonitrile: 75-05-8: 41.05-48: 82: 1.3440: 0.786: Benzene: 71-43-2: 78.11: 5: … The chemical symbol for Protactinium is Pa. Protactinium is a dense, silvery-gray metal which readily reacts with oxygen, water vapor and inorganic acids. Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Iridium is Ir. Other temperature scales include the centigrade (Celsius) scale and the Fahrenheit scale. Terbium is a chemical element with atomic number 65 which means there are 65 protons and 65 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn. The melting point is the temperature at which the disruptive vibrations of the particles of the solid overcome the attractive forces operating within the solid. Francium is the second-least electronegative element, behind only caesium, and is the second rarest naturally occurring element (after astatine). Thorium is commonly found in monazite sands (rare earth metals containing phosphate mineral). Francium is an alkali metal, that has one valence electron. Cerium is a chemical element with atomic number 58 which means there are 58 protons and 58 electrons in the atomic structure. The melting point of ice is 0 °C. Discoverer: Corson, Dale R. and Mackenzie, K. R. The actinide or actinoid series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium. Cadmium is a chemical element with atomic number 48 which means there are 48 protons and 48 electrons in the atomic structure. Molybdenum a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element. Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal, valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties. Molybdenum is a chemical element with atomic number 42 which means there are 42 protons and 42 electrons in the atomic structure. Carbon: Value given for diamond form. Potassium is a chemical element with atomic number 19 which means there are 19 protons and 19 electrons in the atomic structure. Samarium is a typical member of the lanthanide series, it is a moderately hard silvery metal that readily oxidizes in air. Mendelevium is a chemical element with atomic number 101 which means there are 101 protons and 101 electrons in the atomic structure. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive: almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine. 777 °C. Melting points are presented in this table only for those polymers without (as yet) available crystallographic data: an asterisk (*) in the reference column signifies that the relevant melting point data is contained within the "Crystallographic Data" table of Section B. Manganese is a chemical element with atomic number 25 which means there are 25 protons and 25 electrons in the atomic structure. Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium, and the noble gases. 1) You may use almost everything for non-commercial and educational use. Thorium is a chemical element with atomic number 90 which means there are 90 protons and 90 electrons in the atomic structure. Niobium is a chemical element with atomic number 41 which means there are 41 protons and 41 electrons in the atomic structure. Americium is a chemical element with atomic number 95 which means there are 95 protons and 95 electrons in the atomic structure. It explains how we use cookies (and other locally stored data technologies), how third-party cookies are used on our Website, and how you can manage your cookie options. The chemical symbol for Neptunium is Np. The chemical symbol for Bromine is Br. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. In nuclear reactors, promethium equilibrium exists in power operation. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. Melting Point: Element: Atomic Number-272: Helium (He) 2-259: Hydrogen (H) 1-249: Neon (Ne) 10-220: Fluorine (F) 9-218: Oxygen (O) 8-210: Nitrogen N: 7-189: Argon Ar: 18-157: Krypton Kr: 36-112: Xenon Xe: 54-101: Chlorine Cl: 17-71: Radon Rn: 86-39: Mercury Hg: 80-7: Bromine Br: 35: 27: Francium Fr: 87: 29: Cesium Cs: … Tantalum is a chemical element with atomic number 73 which means there are 73 protons and 73 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Rubidium is Rb. The chemical symbol for Zirconium is Zr. Lawrencium is a chemical element with atomic number 103 which means there are 103 protons and 103 electrons in the atomic structure. Argon is the third-most abundant gas in the Earth’s atmosphere, at 0.934% (9340 ppmv). Solvent guides for following Green Chemistry principles are available at: In 2020, Dr. Joseph Ward, DOC Head Webmaster formated the table to accommodate a wide range of screens and add sorting to the table. The chemical symbol for Copper is Cu. al. Compounds are arbitrarily listed by increasing boiling points unless their melting points are above 40°C. Rhodium is a chemical element with atomic number 45 which means there are 45 protons and 45 electrons in the atomic structure. Both the original melting point and the equivalent value based on the International Practical Temperature Scale of 1948 are presented. Very soft and malleable, indium has a melting point higher than sodium and gallium, but lower than lithium and tin. At its melting point, the disruptive vibrations of the particles of the solid overcome the attractive forces operating within the solid. Argon is mostly used as an inert shielding gas in welding and other high-temperature industrial processes where ordinarily unreactive substances become reactive; for example, an argon atmosphere is used in graphite electric furnaces to prevent the graphite from burning. Covalent bonds often result in the formation of small collections of better-connected atoms called molecules, which in solids and liquids are bound to other molecules by forces that are often much weaker than the covalent bonds that hold the molecules internally together. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column (group 2, or alkaline earth metals) of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure. © 2019 / see also The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. Neptunium metal is silvery and tarnishes when exposed to air. melting point directly to chemical structure. It is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, which contains tin dioxide. Although neodymium is classed as a rare earth, it is a fairly common element. Lithium is a chemical element with atomic number 3 which means there are 3 protons and 3 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Aluminum is Al. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. Substance Temperature (°C) Aluminium(Al) 660: Brass: 920: Copper(Cu) 1080: Dichlorodifluoromethane(CCI2F2)-158: … The chemical symbol for Lead is Pb. The chemical symbol for Fermium is Fm. Selenium: Value given for hexagonal, gray form. When considered as the temperature of the reverse change from liquid to solid, it is referred to as the freezing point or crystallization point. 1572 °C. Calcium is a chemical element with atomic number 20 which means there are 20 protons and 20 electrons in the atomic structure. Neodymium is a chemical element with atomic number 60 which means there are 60 protons and 60 electrons in the atomic structure. It is also sometimes considered the first element of the 6th-period transition metals and is traditionally counted among the rare earth elements. Caesium has physical and chemical properties similar to … The chemical symbol for Lutetium is Lu. Fermium is a member of the actinide series. The chemical symbol for Argon is Ar. Beryllium is a chemical element with atomic number 4 which means there are 4 protons and 4 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Beryllium is Be. Iron is a chemical element with atomic number 26 which means there are 26 protons and 26 electrons in the atomic structure. The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which this phase change occurs. Xenon is a colorless, dense, odorless noble gas found in the Earth’s atmosphere in trace amounts. Radon occurs naturally as an intermediate step in the normal radioactive decay chains through which thorium and uranium slowly decay into lead. Being a typical member of the lanthanide series, europium usually assumes the oxidation state +3. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group. These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them. See: You can find more detailed information (Health & Safety, Physical, Regulatory, Environmental) on various organic solvents from. Predict the melting and boiling points of astatine, and its state at room temperature. Name Melting Point (oC) 4-Methylacetophenone 28 2-Hydroxyacetophenone 28 2,6-Dimethyl-2,5-heptadien-4-one 28 2,4-Dichloroacetophenone 34 4-Chloropropiophenone 36 4-Methoxyacetophenone 38 2-Hydroxybenzophenone 39 2-Methoxybenzophenone 39 3-Bromopropiophenone 40 4-Phenyl-3-buten-2 … The chemical symbol for Titanium is Ti. Sulfur: Value given for monoclinic, beta form. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. The table below gives a brief summary of these sections. There are over 100 different borate minerals, but the most common are: borax, kernite, ulexite etc. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden. Tungsten is a chemical element with atomic number 74 which means there are 74 protons and 74 electrons in the atomic structure. Krypton is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. Despite its high price and rarity, thulium is used as the radiation source in portable X-ray devices. The size of one degree is the same on the Kelvin scale (K) as on the centigrade scale (°C). Californium is an actinide element, the sixth transuranium element to be synthesized, and has the second-highest atomic mass of all the elements that have been produced in amounts large enough to see with the unaided eye (after einsteinium). The first alloy used on a large scale was bronze, made of tin and copper, from as early as 3000 BC. The chemical symbol for Lawrencium is Lr. Tungsten is an intrinsically brittle and hard material, making it difficult to work. The graph shows how melting points and boiling points vary across period 3. The boiling point temperatures are diamonds. The chemical symbol for Astatine is At. Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form or unmixed with other lanthanides, and it is usually refined for general use. Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. Francium is a chemical element with atomic number 87 which means there are 87 protons and 87 electrons in the atomic structure. In nuclear industry cadmium is commonly used as a thermal neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorption cross-section of 113Cd. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Melting point [°C] aluminum (pure) Al: 660: bronze, manganese-900: gold: Au: 1063: platinum: Pt: 1770: steel, carbon-1500: duralumin-650: Wood's metal-65.5 Aluminium is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group. The chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium. The tables and figures below show how the melting point changes with increasing carbon number up to C 33 for different kinds of hydrocarbons, alcohols and carboxylic acids. The chemical symbol for Tungsten is W. Tungsten is a rare metal found naturally on Earth almost exclusively in chemical compounds. Gold is a chemical element with atomic number 79 which means there are 79 protons and 79 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Radon is Rn. The chemical symbol for Osmium is Os. Europium is a moderately hard, silvery metal which readily oxidizes in air and water. Carbon: Value given for diamond form. The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free elemental form (“native silver”), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. The chemical symbol for Francium is Fr. The bulk properties of astatine are not known with any certainty. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. However, the experimental data in Table 1.1 suggest that melting points do not show a regular … Einsteinium is a chemical element with atomic number 99 which means there are 99 protons and 99 electrons in the atomic structure. Selenium is a nonmetal with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine. Arsenic is a chemical element with atomic number 33 which means there are 33 protons and 33 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Nickel is Ni. The chemical symbol for Palladium is Pd. points; solids appear last in each table in order of increasing melting points. Uranium is weakly radioactive because all isotopes of uranium are unstable, with half-lives varying between 159,200 years and 4.5 billion years. The chemical symbol for Lithium is Li. The chemical symbol for Sodium is Na. It is the heaviest element that can be formed by neutron bombardment of lighter elements, and hence the last element that can be prepared in macroscopic quantities. Melting Temperature of Metals Table Chart. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. Holmium is a relatively soft and malleable silvery-white metal. The chemical symbol for Hafnium is Hf. Mendelevium is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series, it is the first element that currently cannot be produced in macroscopic quantities. Cerium is a soft, ductile and silvery-white metal that tarnishes when exposed to air, and it is soft enough to be cut with a knife. The chemical symbol for Einsteinium is Es. The chemical symbol for Phosphorus is P. As an element, phosphorus exists in two major forms—white phosphorus and red phosphorus—but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth. Discoverer: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, lawrencium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. In nuclear industry boron is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to the high neutron cross-section of isotope 10B. The chemical symbol for Nitrogen is N. Nitrogen is a colourless, odourless unreactive gas that forms about 78% of the earth’s atmosphere. It occurs on Earth as the decay product of various heavier elements. Uranium is a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table.